VOLUME 4 - NUMBER 2-3 - 2022

Routine NIPT: the rise in fetal sex discordance and earlier diagnosis of disorders of sex development

  • Alix Doupagne, Marie Laterre, Xavier Capelle, Sébastien Grandfils, Frédéric Chantraine, Julie Fudvoye, Frédéric Kridelka, Michelle Nisolle, Christine Van Linthout
  • Original articles, 95-102
  • Full text PDF
  • In Belgium, routine non-invasive diagnostic testing (NIPT) has led to a rise in discordant results between the genetic sex, obtained via NIPT, and the phenotypic sex assessed by ultrasound. This has improved prenatal diagnosis of disorders of sex development (DSD). Here we report on the nine cases of fetal sex discordance encountered in our fetal medicine unit at the CHU de Liège since we began doing NIPT routinely, and share some established protocols to facilitate the management of such discordances. Of the nine discordant cases included in this report, six turned out to be DSD: two cases of 46,XX and four cases of 46,XY DSD. DSDs are still rare, complex conditions and an early diagnosis is a great advantage in clinical practice. Discovering that a fetus has a DSD is a difficult clinical situation, both medically and psychosocially, and being able to perform early prenatal diagnosis and to pre-arrange the various tests needed at birth is invaluable.This highlights the importance of developing and following well-codified multidisciplinary diagnostic protocols in order to improve overall care for both fetus and parents.

  • KEY WORDS: Routine NIPT, disorder of sex development, 46,XX DSD, 46,XY DSD, prenatal diagnosis, management protocol.