VOLUME 3 - NUMBER 3 - 2021

Hysterectomies for benign disease: variability in techniques and outcomes depending on patients, surgeons, and type of hospital

  • Victoria Sánchez Sánchez, Emergui Zrihen Yonit, Daniel González García-Cano, Lidia González Marrero, Margarita Arozena Abad, Maria Isabel Arduan Pérez, González Martín Jesus, Acosta Ainara Amaro, Jose Angel García Hernández, Alicia Martín Martínez
  • Original paper, 155-161
  • Full text PDF
  • Most hysterectomies are performed for benign conditions, such as fibroids, endometriosis, abnormal menstrual bleeding, and uterine prolapse. Established approaches are laparotomy and minimally invasive approaches by the vaginal and laparoscopic routes, with or without robotics. We conducted a study, in our region, of the approaches most commonly used in benign hysterectomies, and examined patient outcomes according to the characteristics of surgeons and hospitals. We performed a prospective multicenter study nvolving patients (n = 506) who underwent a hysterectomy for benign disease by any approach between February 2019 and February 2020. Overall, 55.3% of procedures were performed by laparotomy, 32.4% vaginally, and 12.2% laparoscopically. Surgeons with the highest surgical volumes performed more minimally invasive surgery (MIS) (p <.001), and those with more experience performed more laparoscopic interventions (p =.002). Laparotomies were performed more frequently in small hospitals (<500 beds) (p =.026). MIS was performed more often in teaching hospitals than in centers without this accreditation (p =.001). Sixty-nine (13.6%) patients experienced surgical complications; the laparoscopic approach was associated with a higher incidence of complications overall (24.2%) and with more readmissions (p <.005). Our results confirm that the surgical approach for benign hysterectomies varies depending on the type of hospital and the characteristics of the surgeons.

  • KEY WORDS: Hysterectomy, gynecological surgery.